Volume 2 (2014)

First page of the paper.

Proceedings of the first egyptological conference of the Patriarchate of Alexandria

The Naos of the Decades Reconstituted

Goddio, Franck


In 1999, underwater excavation by the European Institute of Underwater Archæology (IEASM), in the Bay of Abukir, brought to light new fragments of a naos known since the early 19th century as The Louvre Calendar. It was later called The Naos of the Decades because of the very particular decoration of its outside surfaces which were separated into frames, one for each group of ten days of the ancient Egyptian year. This new discovery was the third one in the series of archæological episodes which allowed in the course of over two centuries to nearly complete the reconstitution of the monument: the roof of this naos was found in 1777 on land and belongs to the Louvre Museum; the base and the rear wall were found in 1940 under water in the Bay of Abukir, and our newly found items complete the major part of the lateral surfaces. Despite their stay of over one thousand years in salty water, the inscriptions preserved fairly well on the new items contradict the previously assumed distribution of the decades on the walls, and above all, shed an entirely new light on the interpretation of this important monument.


Goddio, F. 2014. «The Naos of the Decades Reconstituted», JHIE 2: 181–187



Language: en


  • Bernand, A. &  Goddio, F.: L’Égypte engloutie, London (Tana Editions) 2002.
  • Bresc, C. «An Umayyad Dinar», Egypt’s Sunken Treasures: Exhibition Catalogue (Goddio, F. & Fabre, D., eds) München (Prestel) 2008, 304-05.
  • Cole, J. «Editor’s Preface», The Topography and Excavation of Heracleion–Thonis and East Canopus (1996-2006): Underwater Archæology in the Canopic Region in Egypt (Goddio, F., ed.), Oxford (Oxford Institute of Archæology / OC MA, 1) 2007, XV.
  • Combe, E., «S.A. Le Prince ῾Omar Toussoun, 1872-1944», Bulletin de la Société Royale d’Archéologie d’Alexandrie, 36, 1943-44, 98-103.
  • Goddio, F. «Cartographie des vestiges archéologiques submergés dans le Port Est d’Alexandrie et dans la Rade d’Aboukir», Alessandria e il Mondo Ellenistico–Romano: Atti del II Congresso Internazionale Italo–Egiziano, Alessandria 23-27 Novembre 1992, Roma (“L’Erma” di Bretschneider) 1995, 172-77.
  • Goddio, F.: L’Archéologie sous–marine: Histoire et méthodes, London (Periplus) 2003a.
  • Goddio, F.: Trésors Engloutis: Journal de bord d’un archéologue, Paris (Éditions du Chêne) 2003b.
  • Goddio, F.: The Topography and Excavation of Heracleion–Thonis and East Canopus 1996-2006, Oxford (Institute of Archæology / OCMA, 1) 2007.
  • Goddio, F.: «Rediscovered Sites», Egypt’s Sunken Treasures: Exhibition Catalogue (Goddio, F. & Fabre, D., eds) München (Prestel) 2008, 26-48.
  • Goddio, F. & Fabre, D.: Egypt’s Sunken Treasures: Exhibition Catalogue, München (Prestel) 2008.
  • Habachi, L. & Habachi, B.: «The Naos with the Decades (Louvre D37) and the Discovery of another Fragment», JNES, 11, 1952, 251263.
  • Kiss, Z.: «A Guarantor for Fertility, Sarapis and Calathos», Egypt’s Sunken Treasures: Exhibition Catalogue (Goddio F. & Fabre, D., eds) München (Prestel) 2008, 174-77.
  • Nur, A.: «Destructive Earthquakes in Alexandria and Abukir Bay?»,  Alexandria and the North-Western Delta: Joint Conference Proceedings of Oxford 2004 and Berlin 2006 (Robinson, D. & Wilson, A., eds) Oxford (Oxford Institute of Archaeology / OCMA, 5) 2010, 127-37.
  • Stanley, J.D., Goddio F. & Schnepp, G.: «Nile Flooding sank two Ancient Cities», Nature, 412, 2001, 293-94.
  • Stanley, J.D., Goddio, F., Jorstad, T.F. & Schnepp, G.: «Submergence of Ancient Greek Cities off Egypt’s Nile Delta – A Cautionary Tale», Geological Society of America Today, 14, 2004, 4-10.
  • Strabōn: Geography: Translation and Comments of Geography Books 17.1 and 17.2 by J. Yoyotte, P. Charvet & S. Gompertz, Paris (Éditions du Nil) 1997.
  • Toussoun, ῾O.: Mémoire sur les anciennes branches du Nil, Cairo (IFAO / MIFAO, 4) 1922.
  • Toussoun, ῾O.: «Les ruines sous–marines de la baie d’Aboukir», Bulletin de la Société Royale d’Archéologie d’Alexandrie, 29, 1934, 342-54.
  • Yoyotte, J.: «À propos du naos des décades», JNES, 13, 1954, 79-82.
  • Yoyotte, J., Charvet, P. & Gompertz, S.: Strabōn: Le voyage en Égypte, Paris (Éditions du Nil) 1987.
More papers from this issue